Following is the full text of the Joint Communiqué.
His Excellency Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, President of the Federative Republic of Brazil, was honoured to receive the Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam Pham Minh Chinh, who led a high-ranking state delegation, on an official visit to the Federal Republic of Brazil from September 23 to 25, 2023. The two Leaders highlighted the significance and importance of this visit - the first ever official visit to Brazil by a Prime Minister of Vietnam, as well as the first visit to Brazil by a Vietnamese top leader in 16 years, as the two countries head towards the 35th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations in 2024.
In a spirit of mutual trust, openness and sincerity, H.E. Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh and H.E. President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva held discussions on important areas of Brazil-Vietnam relations. They reaffirmed that Brazil and Vietnam share common values of peace, cooperation, and the goal of sustainable development for their respective societies, which underpin their presence in the world and engagement in international affairs. They concurred that Brazil and Vietnam have built a robust relationship founded on friendship and mutual respect and expressed their satisfaction at the progress achieved along 35 years of diplomatic relations between the two countries. The Leaders agreed on the importance of reconciling economic growth, social development, and environment protection, which encompasses issues such as energy security and food and nutritional security.
The Leaders witnessed the signing ceremony of four documents of cooperation, namely: an Agreement of Cooperation on Education; a Memorandum of Cooperation between the Ministry of Defence of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Ministry of Defence of the Federal Republic of Brazil; the 2024-2026 Plan of Action to Implement the Memorandum of Understanding on Agricultural Cooperation between the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam and the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock of Brazil; and the 2024-2025 Plan of Action between the Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam and the Rio Branco Institute of Brazil.
The Leaders emphasized the importance of furthering effective cooperation in areas of political dialogue, economics and trade, science and technology, innovation, environment, renewable energy transition, defence and security, culture, education, high–performance sports, especially football, tourism, among others, as a basis to promote sustainable development and to increase the well-being of their countries´ citizens.
The Leaders welcomed the increasing bilateral economic exchanges between Brazil and Vietnam in recent years and emphasized the importance of further promoting trade and investment between the two countries. In this context, Vietnam proposed that Brazil acknowledge soon its status as a market economy.
President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva saluted the visit of a business mission from Vietnam. They concurred that such missions play a pivotal role in enhancing dialogue between the private sectors of both countries. With the aim of increasing bilateral trade volume to USD 10 billion in 2025 and USD 15 billion in 2030, the Leaders pledged to expand economic, trade and investment cooperation; promote the diversification of bilateral trade exchanges; promote cooperation between relevant authorities on both sides in economics, trade and investment; promote closer linkages between businesses of the two countries; create favorable conditions for businesses to deepen cooperation in areas where the two sides can complement each other such as logistics, green development, digital transformation, renewable energy, climate change and innovation.
Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh emphasized that a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between Vietnam and the Common Market of the South (MERCOSUR) would lead to breakthroughs in economic, trade and investment cooperation between the two countries, bringing substantial benefits to businesses and peoples of both sides, and proposed that Vietnam and MERCOSUR would soon begin negotiations on such an Agreement. President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva expressed the intention to discuss the matter with MERCOSUR partners during the Brazilian presidency of MERCOSUR.
The Leaders noted with satisfaction the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding on Defence Cooperation, which will provide a basis for enhancing cooperation and promoting closer ties between the armed forces of both countries.
The Leaders also agreed to promote bilateral cooperation in the fields of security, police and law enforcement to prevent and fight crimes, including cybercrimes, and to research the possibility of signing cooperation agreements to create legal framework for criminal justice cooperation between the two countries.
The leaders recognized the unrealized potential in scientific and technological cooperation between Brazil and Vietnam and, in this context, highlighted the importance of further increasing bilateral cooperation in research, development, and innovation, as a basis to promote sustainable development and increase the well-being of their countries’ citizens. Pursuant to the bilateral agreement for scientific and technological cooperation, they expressed their willingness to exploring ways to intensify this partnership for mutual benefit, by promoting joint research and development projects in areas such as industrial modernization, the implementation of information and communication technologies in urban environments, clean energy and sustainability, agricultural modernization, and any other areas of mutual interest.
The Leaders agreed to further promote high-level engagements, visits and exchanges of delegations through all channels, thereby strengthening and constantly solidifying the foundation of the partnership between the two nations.
The Leaders recognized Brazil and Vietnam´s active roles in regional and global affairs. Both sides underscored the importance of an international system founded on the principles of the rule of law and multilateralism, affirmed their support for the central role of the United Nations in global governance, stability, and prosperity; commended the cooperation between the two countries in multilateral frameworks globally and regionally, and pledged to continue strengthening coordination and mutual support, especially at the United Nations.
The Leaders reiterated their countries’ respect for international law, especially the United Nations Charter, and their support for the peaceful settlement of disputes in international relations on the basis of international law, including compliance and good faith implementation of the provisions of international law on seas and oceans, especially the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS 1982). Brazil welcomed the UNCLOS Group of Friends Initiative spearheaded by Vietnam and a number of key countries.
They expressed support for the reform of the United Nations, including its Security Council, with the expansion of permanent and non-permanent seats for developing countries, in order to turn it into a more representative, legitimate and effective body. Vietnam reaffirmed its support for Brazil as permanent member of an expanded Security Council.
The leaders recognized that climate change represents one of the greatest challenges of our time that needs to be addressed in the context of sustainable development and of efforts to eradicate poverty and hunger. They decided to join efforts towards a strengthened global governance under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), its Kyoto Protocol and its Paris Agreement. Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh welcomed the decision by Brazil to offer the city of Belém to host the 30th Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP-30), in 2025.
The Leaders recognized the need for further opening of their countries markets for agricultural products and celebrated the signing of the Plan of Action on Agricultural Cooperation between Brazil’s Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock and Vietnam’s Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. They agreed to promote bilateral cooperation in the sustainable development of the coffee industry, including within the framework of the International Coffee Organization.
The Leaders emphasized the significance of ASEAN-Brazil relations and reiterated their support for expanded dialogue and cooperation to solidify ASEAN-Brazil Sectoral Dialogue Partnership. Brazil reaffirmed its commitment to foster cooperation with ASEAN and its member States in various areas, including sustainable development; renewable energy; climate change; science, technology and innovation; agriculture; and food security. Brazil highly valued its relations with ASEAN and supported ASEAN centrality in the region.
Vietnam and Brazil supported further strengthening of the rules-based, non-discriminatory multilateral trading system, in which the World Trade Organization (WTO) plays a pivotal role. Both sides supported collaboration to improve WTO operations, including negotiation, monitoring, and dispute resolution mechanisms to appropriately address challenges, benefiting all peoples and businesses. The Leaders agreed that WTO reform must be carried out in line with the interests of all members, taking into account the needs and legitimate interests of developing countries. The two countries agreed to regularly coordinate their views on issues of concern in the WTO.
The Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh valued his meetings with the Chairman of the Brazil-Vietnam Friendship Parliamentary Group, leaders of several political parties, and the Brazil – Vietnam Friendship Association (ABRAVIET); delivered a speech on Vietnam's foreign policy at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Brazil; hosted the opening ceremony of the "Ho Chi Minh – A Portrait" photo exhibition; and attended the Vietnam – Brazil arts and culture performance. In the State of São Paulo, the Prime Minister also attended and delivered an opening speech at the Vietnam - Brazil Business Forum, visited the EMBRAER Aerospace Corporation, the Corinthians Football Club, and met with the Vietnamese community currently living and working in São Paulo.
The Leaders hailed the success of the visit, which generated momentum for further strengthening Brazil-Vietnam relations and highly contributed to elevating the bilateral partnership.
Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh thanked President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva for the warm and friendly reception that the Government and the people of Brazil accorded the Vietnamese delegation throughout the visit, and cordially invited President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to pay an official visit to Vietnam in 2024, on the occasion of the 35th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries. President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva gladly accepted the invitation./.