The ministry is collecting public opinions on the proposal to develop the revised Law on Special Consumption Tax in which the SCT imposed on these products should be increased, saigondautu.com.vn reported.
In addition, the ministry also proposed to add new tobacco products and new equipment and trading in online video game services to be subject to excise tax, according to the online newspaper.
The MoF said the taxes on alcohol and beer in Vietnam are still low. Currently, the country applies an excise tax on alcohol of 35-65%, beer 65% and cigarettes 75%.
According to the World Health Organisation calculations, the tax rate only accounted for about 30% of the retail price, compared to 40-85% recorded in many countries.
Though the SCT on alcohol and beer products had increased from 2016 to 2018, Vietnam was still the highest beer consumer in Southeast Asia and the third in Asia after Japan and China. In 2019, the average beer consumption per person was 47.6 litres, 1.2 times the number of 2015 while the consumption of spirits and white wine per person was 3.4 litres, 1.02 times the 2015 figure.
Meanwhile, tobacco taxes accounted for approximately 38.85% of the retail sale price of cigarettes in Vietnam, much lower than 50-80% seen in other countries such as Thailand (70%), Singapore (69%), France (80%).
The World Health Organisation and the World Bank have recommended that the proportion of consumption tax should account for 66-75% of the retail price of cigarettes./.